Before lenders decide to give you a loan, they have to know that you are willing and able to pay back that loan. To assess your ability to pay back the loan, they assess your income and debt ratio. To assess how willing you are to repay, they use your credit score.
The most widely used credit scores are FICO scores, which Fair Isaac & Company, a financial analytics agency, developed. Your FICO score ranges from 350 (high risk) to 850 (low risk). For details on FICO, read more here.
Credit scores only assess the info in your credit reports. They never consider income, savings, amount of down payment, or factors like gender, ethnicity, nationality or marital status. These scores were invented specifically for this reason. "Profiling" was as dirty a word when these scores were invented as it is today. Credit scoring was developed as a way to take into account only that which was relevant to a borrower's likelihood to repay a loan.
Your current debt load, past late payments, length of your credit history, and a few other factors are considered. Your score comes from both the good and the bad in your credit history. Late payments count against you, but a record of paying on time will improve it.
Your report must contain at least one account which has been open for six months or more, and at least one account that has been updated in the past six months for you to get a credit score. This payment history ensures that there is sufficient information in your report to generate a score. If you don't meet the minimum criteria for getting a score, you may need to work on your credit history prior to applying for a mortgage.
At Integrity Lending, we answer questions about Credit reports every day. Call us at 941-924-0044.